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Lixin Wu
Ph.D., Professor
Department of Mechanics & Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University


  • 1994       PhD in Mechanics, Peking University, China
  • 1991       MSc in Mechanics, Peking University, China
  • 1988       BSc in Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China

Professional Experience

2015-     President, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, China

2015-     Vice President, Ocean University of China (OUC), China

2010-     Director, Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography, MOE, OUC, China

2005-     Chair Professor, Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography, MOE, OUC, China

1995-2005  Research Scientist, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, UW-Madison, USA

1994-1995  Postdoctoral Associate, Laboratory for Visualization and Reduced Modeling,

Rutgers University, NJ, USA

Research Areas

  1. Dynamics of ocean general circulation
  2. Ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate variability
  3. Ocean turbulence and mixing
  4. Modeling of global and regional climate system
  5. Development of ocean observational instruments and system

Selected Professional Honors and Awards

  • 2019, Fellow, American Geophysical Union, AGU, USA
  • 2019, Fellow, The World Academy of Sciences, TWAS
  • 2019, Recipient, Ambassador Award, American Geophysical Union, AGU
  • 2018, Recipient, Second Prize, National Natural Science Award, China
  • 2017, Recipient, National Award for Innovation and Advance, China
  • 2013, Fellow, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China

Selected Professional Activities

  • Member of Scientific Advisory Board, Cluster of Excellence “The Future Ocean”, Germany
  • Chair, Project Steering Group, Air-Sea Interaction in the Kuroshio Extension and its Climate Impact, IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC)
  • Member, 2nd Awarding Committee for Research Excellence of Institutions for Higher Learning, Ministry of Education, China
  • Member, Standing Committee, Division of Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  • Member, Research Program Evaluation Committee, National Key Programs of Basic Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, China
  • Member, Panel of Academic Discipline Evaluation, State Council Academic Degrees Committee, Ministry of Education, China

Selected Recent Publications

*designates WU as corresponding author (co-), first author being WU’s students

  1. Cai, W., M., McPhaden, A., Grimm, R., Rodrigues, A., Taschetto, R., Garreaud, B., Dewitte, G., Poveda, Y., Ham, A., Santoso, B., Ng, W., Anderson, G., Wang, T., Geng, H., Jo, J., Matengo, L., Alves, M., Osman, S., Li, L.-X. Wu, C., Karamperidou, K., Takahashi, and C., Vera, 2020: Impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation on South America in a changing climate. Nature Reviews Earth& Environment, accepted.
  2. Shan, X., Z., Jing, B., Gan, L.-X. Wu, P., Chang, X., Ma, S., Wang, Z., Chen and H., Yang, 2020: Surface Heat Flux Induced by Mesoscale Eddies Cools the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension Region. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, 2019GL086050.
  3. Gu, S., Liu, Z., and L.-X. Wu, 2020: Timescale Dependence of the Meridional Coherence of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 1-10.
  4. Sun, B., Chen, Z., Wang, B., and L.-X.Wu, 2020: Seasonal Variation of the North Equatorial Current Bifurcation in Regional Model: Role of Open Boundary Conditions. Ocean Modelling, 145, 101528.
  5. Centurioni, LR., Turton, J., Lumpkin, R., Braasch, L., Brassington, G., Chao, Y., Charpentier, E., Chen, Z., Corlett, G., Dohan, K., Donlon, C., Gallage, C., Hormann, V., Ignatov, A., Ingleby, B., Jensen, R., Kelly-Gerreyn, BA., Koszalka, IM., Lin, X., Lindstrom, E., Maximenko, N., Merchant, CJ, Minnett, P., O’Carroll, A., Paluszkiewicz, T., Poli, P., Poulain, P-M., Reverdin, G., Sun, X., Swail, V., Thurston, S., L.-X. Wu, Yu, L., Wang, B., and Zhang, D., 2019: Global in situ Observations of Essential Climate and Ocean Variables at the Air–Sea Interface. Frontiers in Marine Science. 6:419. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00419.
  6. Li, S., L.-X.Wu *, Yang, Y., Geng, T., Cai, W.*, Gan, B., Chen, Z., Jing, Z., Wang, G., and Ma, X., 2019: The Pacific Decadal Oscillation less predictable under greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0663-x.
  7. Wang, S., Jing, Z., Zhang, Q., Chang, P., Chen, Z., Liu, H., and L.-X.Wu, 2019: Ocean Eddy Energetics in the Spectral Space as Revealed by High-Resolution General Circulation Models. Journal of Physical Oceanography,
  8. Ruan, R. M., X. Y. Chen, J. P. Zhao, W. Perrie, R. Mottram, M. H. Zhang, Y. N. Diao, L. Du, and L.-X.Wu, 2019: Decelerated Greenland ice sheet melt driven by positive summer North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, DOI: 10.1029/2019JD030689.
  9. Zhang, X., X. Ma, L.-X.Wu, 2019: Effect of Mesoscale Oceanic Eddies on Extratropical Cyclogenesis: a Tracking Approach. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres,
  10. Jia, F., W. Cai*, L.-X. Wu*, B. Gan, G. Wang, F. Kucharski, P. Chang, N. Keenlyside, 2019: Weakening Atlantic Niño-Pacific connection under greenhouse warming. Science Advances, 5, eaax4111.
  11. Geng, T., Y. Yang, L.-X.Wu, 2019: On the mechanisms of Pacific Decadal Oscillation Modulation in Warm Climate. Journal of Climate, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0337.1.
  12. Wang, Q. , W. Cai, W. Zhong, L. Zeng, L.-X. Wu, and D. Wang, 2019: Response of southern china winter rainfall to el niño diversity and its relevance to projected southern china rainfall change. Journal of Climate, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0571.1.
  13. Geng, T., W. Cai, L.-X. Wu*, Y. Yang, 2019: Atmospheric Convection Dominates Genesis of ENSO Asymmetry, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI:10.1029/2019GL083213.
  14. Gu, S., Liu, Z., LynchStieglitz, J., Jahn, A., Zhang, J., Lindsay, K., L.-X. Wu. 2019: Assessing the Ability of Zonal d18 O Contrast in Benthic Foraminifera to Reconstruct Deglacial Evolution of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, DOI:10.1029/2019PA003564.
  15. Liu, Y., Cai, W., Sun, C., Song, H., Cobb, K. M., Li, J., S., Leavitt, L.-X.Wu, et al., 2019: Anthropogenic aerosols cause recent pronounced weakening of Asian Summer Monsoon relative to last four centuries. Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082497. 
  16. Jing, Z., P. Chang, X.Shan, S.Wang, L.-X. Wu and J. Kurian, 2019: Mesoscale SST Dynamics in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension Region. Journal of Physical Oceanography, DOI:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0159.1.
  17. LIU, Y., Z. Jing, L.-X. Wu, 2019: Wind Power on Oceanic Near-Inertial Oscillations in the Global Ocean Estimated from Surface Drifters. Geophysical Research Letters, Doi:10.1029/2018GL081712.
  18. Gan, B., Y. Kwon, T. Joyce, K. Chen, L.-X.Wu, 2019: Influence of the Kuroshio interannual variability on the summertime precipitation over the East China and adjacent area. Journal of Climate,
  19. Cai, W., L.-X.Wu* and coauthors, 2019: Pan-tropical climate interactions. Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4236.
  20. Yu, X, S. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Z. Liu, M. Li, H. Yu, G. Han, X. Lin, L.- X. Wu, P., Chang, 2019: A Multi-Timescale EnOI-like High-Efficiency Approximate Filter for Coupled Model Data Assimilation. Journal of Advances in Modelling Earth Systems, 11, 45-63.
  21. Song, Z., Z. Jing, and L.-X.Wu, 2019: Online Isolation of Near-Inertial Internal Waves in Ocean General Circulation Models. Ocean Model, 134, 30-41.
  22. Cai, W.*, G. Wang, B. Dewitte, L.-X.Wu*, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, Y. Yang, A. Carreric, and M. J. McPhaden, 2018: Increased variability of Eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming. Nature, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0776-9.
  23. Yang, H., Qiu, B., Chang, P., L. -X. Wu, Wang, S., Chen, Z., and Yang, Y., 2018: Decadal variability of eddy characteristics and energetics in the Kuroshio Extension: Unstable versus stable states. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123.
  24. Jing, Z., P. Chang, S. DiMarco and L. -X. Wu, 2018: Observed Energy Exchange between Low-Frequency Flows and Internal Waves in the Gulf of Mexico, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48, 995-1008.
  25. Yang, P., Z. Jing, and L. -X. Wu, 2018: An Assessment of Representation of Oceanic Mesoscale Eddy-Atmosphere Interaction in the Current Generation of General Circulation Models and Reanalyses, Geophysical Research Letters,
  26. Cai W.*, G. Wang, B. Gan, L. -X. Wu*, A. Santoso, X. Lin, Z. Chen, F. Jia, T. Yamagata, 2018: Stabilised frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole under 1.5 °C warming, Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03789-6.
  27. Wang, S., Z. Jing, H. Liu, and L. -X. Wu, 2018: Spatial and Seasonal Variations of Submesoscale Eddies in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48,101-116.
  28. Zhang, L., B. Gan, L. -X. Wu, W. Cai and H. Ma, 2018: Seasonal Dependence of Coupling between Storm Tracks and Sea Surface Temperature in the Southern Hemisphere Midlatitudes: A Statistical Assessment. Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0196.1
  29. CAI W. -J., G.-J Wang,Santoso, A.,X. -P. Lin, L. -X. Wu, 2017:Definition of extreme El Niño and its impact on projected increase in extreme El Niño frequency. Geophysical Research Letters,44:11184-11190, doi: 10.1002/2017GL075635.
  30. Wang G.-J, W. -J. Cai*, B. -L. Gan, L. -X. Wu*, Santoso, A., &X. -P. Lin, et al., 2017: Continued increase of extreme El Niño frequency long after 1.5 °C warming stabilization. Nature Climate Change, 7(8), doi: 10.1038/nclimate3351.
  31. CAI W. -J., K. Li, H. Liao, H. -J. Wang, and L. -X. Wu, 2017: Weather Conditions Conducive to Beijing Severe Haze More Frequent under Climate Change. Nature Climate Change7(4): 257–262, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE3249.