Heat, Light, Energy, Nano, Bio.
At the Open Heat Lab, we explore and share anything with an interesting thermal aspect. Challenges abound in key areas such as energy and environment, electronics and optoelectronics, advanced manufacturing and robotics, biomedical engineering, high-temperature superconductivity, quantum materials and computing, neuromorphic computing, and space exploration. As our ability to see, simulate, design, measure, and manipulate matter at small spatial and temporal scales continues to evolve, the rich dynamics of various heat carriers offers unprecedented opportunities for understanding, controlling and utilizing heat. We focus on the intersections of thermal science, nanotechnology, and ultrafast physics. Directions for the near future include thermal radiation, heat in solids, and biothermal processes. We strive to probe fundamentals and push limits. Examples include the coherent, hydrodynamic and quantum nature of heat, the intelligent control of heat flow, as well as the limits to heat transfer rates, storage density, and pumping and conversion efficiency. Heat transport mediated by photons, phonons, electrons, ions, magnons, and other quasiparticles, in low-dimensional, nanostructured, phase-change, quasiperiodic, topological and soft materials is all of interest. Central to our research are a range of custom-developed experimental platforms, a series of micro/nanofabricated calorimeters and scanning probes, and a suite of table-top ultrafast laser pump-probe techniques. In addition, commercial equipment such as ultrahigh-vacuum scanning probe microscopes and large shared facilities such as X-ray free-electron lasers will prove instrumental. Along with cutting-edge experiments, state-of-the-art computational approaches including electrodynamic modeling, first-principles simulations, and machine learning are closely incorporated.
Professional Honors and Awards
Selected Recent Publications
*Equal contribution, †Corresponding author
 K. Chen*, B. Song*†, N. K. Ravichandran*, Q. Zheng, X. Chen, H. Lee, H. Sun, S. Li, G. A. G. U. Gamage, F. Tian, Z. Ding, Q. Song, A. Rai, H. Wu, P. Koirala, A. J. Schmidt, K. Watanabe, B. Lv, Z. Ren, L. Shi, D. G. Cahill, T. Taniguchi, D. Broido†, Gang Chen†, Ultrahigh thermal conductivity in isotope-enriched cubic boron nitride, Science, 2020.
 Y. Xu, D. Kraemer, B. Song, Z. Jiang, J. Zhou, J. Loomis, J. Wang, M. Li, H. Ghasemi, X. Huang, X. Li and G. Chen, Nanostructured polymer films with metal-like thermal conductivity, Nature Communications, 2019. (Highlighted by MIT News)
 S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, K. A. Nelson, Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100 K, Science, 2019. (Highlighted by Science Perspective)
 F. Tian*, B. Song*, X. Chen*, N. K. Ravichandran, Y. Lv, K. Chen, S. Sullivan, J. Kim, Y. Zhou, T. H. Liu, M. Goni, Z. Ding, J. Sun, G. A. G. U. Gamage, H. Sun, H. Ziyaee, S. Huyan, L. Deng, J. Zhou, A. J. Schmidt, S. Chen, C. W. Chu, P. Y. Huang, D. Broido, L. Shi, G. Chen, Z. Ren, Unusual high thermal conductivity in boron arsenide bulk crystals, Science, 361, 2018. (Highlighted by Science Perspective)
 M. N. Luckyanova, J. Mendoza, H. Lu, B. Song, S. Huang, J. Zhou, M. Li, Y. Dong, H. Zhou, J. Garlow, L. Wu, B. J. Kirby, A. J. Grutter, A. A. Puretzky, Y. Zhu, M. Dresselhaus, A. Gossard and G. Chen, Phonon localization in heat conduction, Science Advances, 4(12), 2018.
 Y. Xu, X. Wang, J. Zhou, B. Song, Z. Jiang, E. Lee, S. Huberman, K. K. Gleason and G. Chen, Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity, Science Advances, 4(3), 2018. (Highlighted by MIT News)
 T.H. Liu, B. Song, L. Meroueh, Z. Ding, Q. Song, J. Zhou, M. Li, G. Chen, Simultaneously high electron and hole mobilities in cubic boron-V compounds: BP, BAs and BSb, Physical Review B, 98(8), 2018.
 A. Fiorino, D. Thompson, L. Zhu, B. Song, P. Reddy and E. Meyhofer, Giant Enhancement in radiative heat transfer in sub-30 nm gaps of plane parallel surfaces, Nano Letters, 2018.
 F. Tian, B. Song, B. Lv, J. Sun, S. Huyan, Q. Wu, J. Mao, Y. Ni, Z. Ding, S. Huberman, T. H. Liu, G. Chen, S. Chen, C. W. Chua, Z. Ren, Seeded growth of boron arsenide single crystals with high thermal conductivity, Applied Physics Letters, 112(3), 2018.
 Z. Ding, J. Zhou, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, M. Li, T. H. Liu and G. Chen, Phonon hydrodynamic heat conduction and Knudsen minimum in graphite, Nano Letters, 2017.
 B. Song*, D. Thompson*, A. Fiorino, Y. Ganjeh, P. Reddy and E. Meyhofer, Radiative heat conductances between dielectric and metallic plane-parallel plates with nanoscale gaps, Nature Nanotechnology, 11(6), 2016. (Highlighted by Nature Nanotechnology News and Views)
 K. Kim*, B. Song*, V. Fernández-Hourtad*, W. Lee, W. Jeong, L. Cui, D. Thompson, J. Feist, M. T. H. Reid, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. C. Cuevas, E. Meyhofer and P. Reddy, Radiative heat transfer in the extreme near-field, Nature, 528(7582), 2015. (Highlighted by Nature Photonics News and Views)
 B. Song*, Y. Ganjeh*, S. Sadat*, D. Thompson, A. Fiorino, V. Fernández-Hourtad, J. Feist, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. C. Cuevas, P. Reddy and E. Meyhofer, Enhancement of near-field radiative heat transfer using polar dielectric thin films, Nature Nanotechnology, 10(3), 2015. (Highlighted by Nature Nanotechnology News and Views)
 B. Song†, A. Fiorino, E. Meyhofer† and P. Reddy†, Near-field radiative thermal transport: From theory to experiment, AIP Advances, 5(5), 2015. (Invited Review)
 Y. Ganjeh*, B. Song*, K. Pagadala, S. Sadat, K. Kim, K. Kurabayashi, E. Meyhofer, P. Reddy, A platform to parallelize planar surfaces and control their spatial separation with nanometer resolution, Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(10), 2012.
 B. Song† and Z. Y. Guo, Robustness in the volume-to-point heat conduction optimization problem, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54(21-22), 2011