Recently, Assistant Professor Yue Yang and his research team in the Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science published the research progress entitled “The boundary-constraint method for constructing vortex-surface fields” in JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS.
The team developed a boundary-constraint method for constructing the vortex-surface field (VSF) in a three-dimensional fluid velocity-vorticity field. The isosurface of the VSF is a vortex surface consisting of vortex lines, which can be used to characterize the evolution of vortical structures in a Lagrangian sense. The evolution equation with pseudo-time is solved under the VSF boundary constraint to obtain a numerical solution of the VSF. Compared with the existing two-time method, the boundary-constraint method constructs the VSF from a single velocity dataset at a given time instead of a time series of velocity fields starting from a simple condition.
This improvement significantly increases the applicability of the VSF method and reduces the demanding computational cost and required velocity data size. Using the boundary-constraint method, they construct the VSFs in Taylor-Green flow and transitional channel flow. In addition, the uniqueness of the VSF solution is discussed and the convergence of the error in the calculation of VSFs is analyzed.