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  • [September 20, 2017]

    Detonation Diffraction and Related Phenomena

  • Speaker:
    Rémy Mével
    Date:
    Wednesday, September 20, 2017
    Time:
    2:30-3:30
    Location:
    Room 212, COE Building No.1
    Host:
    Zheng Chen
  • Abstract
  • At an abrupt area change, a propagating detonation wave undergoes diffraction. Depending on a number of parameters, the detonation wave can be either quenched (sub-critical regime) or re-initiated (super-critical regime). Detonation diffraction has been studied since the 1950’s but despite six decades of extensive investigations, only semi-empirical models are available to estimate the critical conditions for successful detonation transmission. The present seminar summarizes the results of three recent studies on detonation diffraction and related phenomena. In the first study, spectroscopic models were employed to post-treat the results of two-dimensional numerical simulation of diffracting detonation allowing for a direct comparison with experimental results from the literature. In the second study, both experiments and simulations were conducted using a planar geometry and quantitative assessment of the critical conditions for successful transmission was performed. In addition, simplified models were used to estimate the respective effects of shock front curvature and volumetric expansion on the diffracting detonation re-ignition process. In the third study, an investigation of the chemical kinetics of hydrogen-air mixtures’ ignition under volumetric expansion conditions was performed. Detailed analyses of the energy release rate per reaction, OH radical sensitivity and rate of production were also conducted.
  • Biography
  • Rémy Mével is an associate professor at the Center for Combustion Energy and Department of Automotive Engineering at Tsinghua university. He obtained his B.S (2004), M.S (2006), Ph.D (2009), and Habilitation (2015) from the University of Orléans in France. He has been an adjunct professor at the University of Orléans in 2009-2010, and a postdoctoral scholar then research scientist at the California Institute of Technology from 2010 to 2017. Professor Mével’s research focuses on chemical kinetics, laser diagnostics, and spectroscopy with application to industrial safety through the determination of fundamental combustion parameters and the study of detonation waves’ structure and dynamics. He has co-authored more than 30 journal articles and has been awarded the Gérard de Soete Prize in 2010 and the J.H.S. Lee Young Investigator award in 2013 as a recognition of the quality of his work. In 2017, he was selected as a 1000 Young Talents of China.